Gloria funicular (Elevador da Glória)
At the end of the Restauradores square to the left up goes the street Calçada da Glória, at the very beginning of which is the lower station of the funicular Gloria (Ascensor da Glória, the locals call Elevador da Glória, map), which connects the city center with the Bairro Alto district, located on one of Lisbon's hills.
The lift was built by the company "New lifting mechanisms of Lisbon" (Nova Companhia dos Ascensores Mecânicos de Lisboa), the project was developed by a Portuguese engineer Raoul Mesnier du Ponsard. The construction consisted of two cars built by a German company Maschinenfabrik Esslingen, associated cable (the word comes from the Greek "funicula" - rope). The cable is laid in a trench between the rails and thrown through the block at the top station. Wagons have two control posts.
Wagons move on a slope steeply to 17%, on a rail track with a track of 90 cm and length of 265 meters towards each other. Initially, the system was set in motion with the help of water, which was poured into the tank under the floor of the car standing on the upper station. Thus, the upper car became heavier than the bottom from which the water was drained, and down, pulling up the bottom. Later for movement of cars the steam engine installed at the top station was used, and in September, 1915 the funicular was electrified, and in cars began to be driven by means of electric motors. Before that, salons were illuminated by candles in the dark.
From 1913 to 1926 on a route of a funicular Bicycle races in which all wishing could take part were carried out, in the first competition the record of rise - 55 seconds, never beaten was set.
The fare is 2.80 euros, as in any other transport in Lisbon, if you buy a ticket from the car. But it is better to use a daily card, which you can buy in the machine at any metro station for 5.80 euros and ride it on the funicular, trams, buses and metro as much as you like.